Lifestyle

Ending tuberculosis is a race against time and drug resistance

The tuberculosis (TB) burden in the WHO European Region as a whole is decreasing, and is down 19% overall for 2015-2019, according to the latest WHO/European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) report Tuberculosis surveillance and monitoring in Europe 2021 (2019 data). Regional TB mortality has gone down, declining by 9.4% between 2018 and […]

Lifestyle

Reading minds with ultrasound: A less-invasive technique to decode the brain’s intentions

What is happening in your brain as you are scrolling through this page? In other words, which areas of your brain are active, which neurons are talking to which others, and what signals are they sending to your muscles? Mapping neural activity to corresponding behaviors is a major goal for neuroscientists developing brain-machine interfaces (BMIs): […]

Lifestyle

Redox imaging allows measurement of drug responses in lab-grown cancer samples

Organoids are tiny three-dimensional cellular assemblies that are grown in a laboratory from tissue-specific cells. They are particularly interesting to biologists because of their ability to mimic the characteristics of the original tissues. If scientists extract cells from a tumor, then they can grow cancer organoids that mimic the characteristics of the source tumor. This […]

Lifestyle

Focusing on the unhealthy brain to speed drug discovery

Though 40 million concussions are recorded annually, no effective treatment exists for them or for many other brain-related illnesses. In collaboration with Dragan Maric of the National Institutes of Health, Badri Roysam, Hugh Roy and Lillie Cranz Cullen University Professor and Chair of Electrical and Computer Engineering, and his team are working to speed up […]

Lifestyle

More primary care physicians could mean gains in life expectancy, fewer deaths

People who have primary care physicians tend to have better health care, to receive timelier diagnoses and to get more prompt treatment when it is needed. So, it comes as small surprise that reliable access to primary care has been linked to better patient outcomes overall. Now a new study led by researchers at Harvard […]

Lifestyle

Total knee replacement cost effective for patients with osteoarthritis and extreme obesity

Total knee replacement (TKR) surgery is cost-effective in patients with severe obesity (BMI of 40Kg/m2 or greater) and end-stage osteoarthritis. Typically, surgeons hesitate to perform TKR in these patients because they tend to have high rates of complications post-surgery. Findings from a cost-effectiveness analysis are published in Annals of Internal Medicine. Obesity is a major […]

Lifestyle

Pay for elderly to live in care homes in lower income countries, rich nations advised

Rich nations should consider paying for elderly people to live in care homes in lower income countries in a bid to ease the pressure on domestic residential and nursing care provision, argues an ethicist in the Journal of Medical Ethics. Providing such a move wouldn’t disadvantage local residents, and that appropriate quality checks could be […]